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  • 大学英语1知识点_大学英语知识点

    时间:2018-07-02 21:50:44 来源:领袖创业网 本文已影响 领袖创业网手机站

    相关热词搜索:大学英语1知识点 大学英语知识点总结 英语必修1知识点

      大学英语教学一直以来都是大学教学课程体系中的核心课程,那么大学英语1有哪些知识点呢?接下来小编为你整理了大学英语1知识点,一起来看看吧。

      大学英语1知识点:词语讲解

      1.take hold: become established

      The idea of one child has taken hold in many Chinese families.

      老习惯是很难摆脱的。这就是为什么你要在习惯养成前戒烟。

      Old habits die hard. That’s why you should stop smoking before the habit takes hold.

      2.bore: vt. make (sb.) feel tired and lose interest

      The speaker went on and on, and the audience grew bored by his speech.

      bore sb. to death (tears)

      a crashing bore 讨厌至极的人/事

      a frightful bore 讨厌得要命的家伙

      an insufferable bore 讨厌得令人无法忍受的人

      an utter bore 极惹人厌烦的事

      3.turn out:

      1. come out or gather as for a meeting, public event, etc. 2. prove to be 3. shut off 4. produce; make

      Match the above definitions with the sentences below.

      A large group of protesters have turned out.

      The school has turned out some great scholars.

      Turn out the light before you go to bed.

      The plan turned out a failure.

      We are to turn out 100,000,586 computers next year to meet the market requirements.

      The experiment turned out to be a success.

      Crowds turned out for the procession.

      4.sequence: n.

      connected line of events, ideas, etc.

      连续的歉收(bad harvest)迫使一些非洲国家请求外国援助(foreign aid)。

      A sequence of bad harvests forced some African countries to ask for foreign aid.

      The Fall of the Roman Empire was written in historical sequence.

      sequence & series

      sequence 是指“先后衔接的次序”。这种次序可以是历史性的,即事态发生时的先后次序;也可以是逻辑性的,即论点先后的衔接,相当于汉语的“语无伦次”中的“伦次”。

      series 是指“系列”、“组”,可以有先后衔接的次序,也可以没有,但一系列或一组的东西一定自成一个完整的单位。例如:

      I have a poor memory for dates and often mix up the ___ of events.

      Professor Li will give a ____ of lectures on the Middle East issue.

      The post office has issued a ____ of stamps commemorating the Olympic Games.

      Your argument lacks logical ____, for your second point does not follow the first.

      sequence; series; series; sequence

      5.recall: vt. bring back to the mind; remember (usu. followed by noun / gerund, or that-clause)

      I recognize the face but can’t recall her name.

      I don’t recall ever meeting her.

      She recalled that she had to see the doctor again that afternoon.

      recall, remember & remind

      这三个词都与“记忆”有关,前两个词有时可通用。

      recall“想起”,把忘记的东西又想起来了,其动作包含有意识的努力,因此常与can,could 等词连用,强调一次的回忆。

      remember “想起”,用处比较广泛,指事物自然在记忆中出现,不包含努力或意志。 如果 remember 表示有意识的行动,常指“记住”。

      remind 指“使某人想起”,“提醒”,宾语是人。具体用法如下:

      1) 接宾语;

      2) 接宾语+of+宾语;

      3) 接宾语+不定式;

      4) 接宾语+that-clause。

      I suddenly ___ I had left the book in the library.

      Try as I might, I could not ___ where I had left the book.

      I ____ her face but I cannot ___ where I met her.

      If I forget it, please ___ me.

      This ____ me of last year.

      You must ___ this phone number.

      ____ me to write to my Mom.

      The sight of the clock ____ me that I was late.

      remembered; recall; remember, recall; remind; reminds; remember; remind; reminded

      6.turn in: 1. hand in; give over 2. deliver (a person or thing) to the police 3. give back; return

      7.command:

      1. n. order

      The commander gave the command that all prisoners of war should be well treated.

      The rebellious army would not obey any command from the President.

      2. v. give an order (to)

      The captain commanded his men to leave the ship immediately.

      船长命令船员立刻离船。

      If you command wisely, you’ll be obeyed cheerfully.

      [谚语]指挥有方,人人乐从。

      He is not fit to command others that cannot command himself.

      [谚语]不能指挥自己就不能指挥别人。

      像 suggest, demand 等动词一样,跟在 command后面的 that 从句中要用虚拟语气,谓语用“should+原形动词”或直接加原形动词,而不管从句中的人称或时态。

      例如:He commanded that all the gates (should) be shut.

      command & order

      command 暗含“必须服从”的意思,比较正式。例如:The officer commanded his soldiers to open fire on the enemy.

      军官命令士兵开枪射击敌人。

      order 指一般的上级“命令”下级,较普通、常用。例如:

      He was ordered to write a full report on the matter.

      他奉命写一篇关于那件事的详细报告。

      8.what’s more: in addition; more importantly

      Ms. Stewart manages a successful business and gives a weekly TV cooking show. What’s more, she has already published three books on gardening.

      How can you love this man? He watches TV all day long, and what’s more, he seems not to have brushed his teeth for months!

      你怎么会爱上这个人。他整天看电视,更有甚者,他好像几个月没刷牙了!

      9.avoid: vt. keep or get away from (usu. followed by noun / gerund)

      The little boy who had broken a neighbor’s window ran away to avoid punishment / being punished.

      I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me.

      英语中有些动词或词组后面只能跟名词或动名词,不能跟不定式,如:avoid,deny,enjoy,escape,finish,mind,miss,postpone,suggest,feel like,give up,put off 等

      avoid & escape

      两词均有“避”的意思。

      avoid 指“(有意识地)躲避”不愉快的或可能发生的危险或情况,而不是“逃避”实际的威胁。

      escape 作及物动词时,表示“逃脱”,常用于抽象、借喻的情况中。

      How did he imagine that things like that could ____ detection?

      He deliberately ____ seeing me.

      The danger can be _____ if we lay our plans carefully.

      The name has _____ my memory.

      escape; avoided; avoided; escaped

      10.the eleventh hour: the last moment before sth. important happens

      John turned in the report at the eleventh hour.

      The president’s visit was called off at the eleventh hour.

      大学英语1知识点:常用词组

      1. 断断续续 off and on

      2. 对…感到腻味 be bored by ...

      3. 觉得…枯燥难懂 find ... dull and difficult

      4. 以…而出名 have a reputation for ...

      5. 据说某人… sb. be said to be ...

      6. 拘谨刻板,落后于时代 formal, rigid and out-of-date

      7. 随笔小品文 an informal essay

      8. 躺在沙发上 lie on a sofa

      9. 不得不面对 face up to ...

      10. 围坐在晚餐桌旁 be seated around the supper table

      11. …重现在我的脑海中 ... reawake in my mind

      12. 自得其乐 for one’s own joy

      13. 违反规定 violate the rules

      14. 不及格分 a failing grade

      15. 别无选择,只好做… There is no choice but to do ...

      16. 更重要的是,而且 what’s more

      17. 专心地听 listen attentively

      18. 乐呵呵地开怀大笑 laugh with open-hearted enjoyment

      19. 心花怒放 pure delight

      20. 最后的时刻 at the eleventh hour

      大学英语1知识点:词语搭配

      in sequence 顺次,挨次

      in rapid sequence 紧接着,一个接着一个

      in regular sequence 按次序,有条不紊

      the sequence of events 事情的先后顺序

      get command of 控制

      have a good command of 能自由应用

      have … at one’s command 能充分掌握…

      take command of 开始担任…指挥

      under (the) command of 由…指挥;在…指挥之下


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